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Reference in APA 6th

Audio-Visual Material on DVD or Disc

DVDs, CDs and Other AV Formats

Creator, A. (Producer/Director). (YEAR). Title of work: Subtitle [FORMAT]. Location: Label/Studio/Distributor.

Scorsese, M. (Producer), & Lonergan, K. (Producer/Director). (2000). You can count on me [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.

Don’t hesitate, communicate! Effective communication in the office [DVD]. (2010). Bendigo, Australia: Video Education.

Parts of an AV Work

Creator, A. (YEAR). Title of part work [Recorded by B. B. Artist]. On Title of full work [FORMAT]. Location: Label/Studio/Distributor. (Date of  recording i.e. 2016, October 21).

Paraphrasing

Effective communication in a workplace can end if a problem is not dealt with (Don’t hesitate, communicate!  Effective communication in the office, 2010).

Grief can have a profound impact on person’s sense of trust and continuity (Scorsese & Lonergan, 2000).

Quoting (Timestamp - Hours: Minutes: Seconds)

Often when individuals experience grief they can feel like they have “lost hold of any kind of anchor, any kind of trust in anything” (Scorsese & Lonergan, 2000, 1:30:02).

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Audio-Visual Material Online

Reference List

Microtraining Associates. (Producer). (2007). Basic attending skills [Video file]. Retrieved from http://ctiv.alexanderstreet.com

Quoting and paraphrasing in-text

Use the same format as shown in the section covering Audio-Visual Material on DVD or Disc.

URLs from Library Databases

Use the following URLs in your reference lists:

  • CTIV (Alexander Street): http://ctiv.alexanderstreet.com
  • EduTV: http://edutv.informit.com.au
  • Psychotherapy.net: http://www.psychotherapy.net
  • Sage Video: http://sk.sagepub.com

When referencing AV files from online sources that are likely to change over time such as YouTube clips, include the year, month and day of publication where possible i.e. (2009, February 26).

Reference List

Creator, A. (YEAR, Month DAY). Title of work: Subtitle [FORMAT]. Retrieved from http://url

Insel, T. (2013, January 19). Toward a new understanding of mental illness [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/thomas_insel_toward_a_new_understanding_of_mental_illness?language=en

Quoting and paraphrasing in-text

Use the same format as shown in the section covering Audio-Visual Material on DVD or Disc i.e. (Insel, 2013).

Reference List

Parkinson, M. (2015). The meaning of life [Streaming video]. Retrieved from http://iview.abc.net.au/programs/compass/ RN1411H026S00

Quoting and paraphrasing in-text

Use the same format as shown in the section covering Audio-Visual Material on DVD or Disc i.e. (Parkinson, 2015).

Reference List

Seega, B. (Producer), & Swan, N. (Presenter). (2012, November 28). Adult ADHD [Audio podcast]. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/rn/talks/8.30/helthrpt

Quoting and paraphrasing in-text

Use the same format as shown in the section covering Audio-Visual Material on DVD or Disc i.e. (Seega & Swan, 2012).

Whole Series

Grazer, B. (Producer), Howard, R. (Producer), Hurwitz, M. (Producer & Creator), & Nevins, D. (Producer). (2003–2006). Arrested development [Television series]. Retrieved from http://www.hulu.com/arrested- development

Hastings, M., & Kalowski, M. (Producers). (2012). Midday with Margaret Throsby [Radio series]. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/classic/player/

Episodes/Webisodes

Australian Broadcasting Corporation. (Producer). (2011, December 12). The trials and tribulations of private Bradley Manning [Radio webcast]. In The philosopher’s zone. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/radionational/programs/philospherszone/the-trials-and-tribulations-of-private-bradley-manning/371984

Edmondson, M. (Director). (2012). Anglicans going Catholic [Television series webisode]. In R. Hesp (Executive producer), Compass. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/iview/#/view/26950

Quoting and paraphrasing in-text

Use the same format as shown in the section covering Audio-Visual Material on DVD or Disc i.e. (Australian Broadcasting Company, 2011).


Episodes/Webisodes

An episode or webisode is one part of a whole series.

Television episodes or webisodes normally require you to provide the names of the scriptwriter/s and the director/s in the author position. If you are unable to find the writer, provide just the director’s name. Also provide the name of the executive producer of the series.

For radio episodes, if a writer or director name is not available, use the producer’s name in the author position. (This may be the broadcasting organisation’s name, if no other producer name is available.)

For untitled episodes (for example, a specific episode of television news or a current affairs program), providing an exact date (year, month day) is helpful

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Interviews & Transcripts

Reference List

Drossos, G. (1969, September 4). Interview with George Drossos (S. Terkel, Interviewer) [Real Media file]. Retrieved from http://studsterkel.org/dstreet.php

In-text: Paraphrasing

According to Drossos (1969), nostalgia is the painful experience of being unable to go back.

In-text: Quoting

Drossos (1969) explains that nostalgia occurs “when you feel pain because you cannot return”.

Reference List

National Public Radio (Producer). (2011, February 11). Science diction: The origin of ‘antibiotic’ [Podcast transcript]. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2011/02/11/133686020/Science-Diction-The-Origin-Of-Antibiotic

In-text: Paraphrasing

The term antibiotic was first used in the medical world in 1943 (National Public Radio, 2011).

In-text: Quoting

Dr. Markel stated, “it’s two words. And it really comes from the Greek and Latin roots for against life” (as cited in National Public Radio, 2011, para. 10).

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