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Reference in APA 6th

Books: One Author

Print Books

Author, A. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). City, State (USA) or Country (if outside USA): Publisher.

Dziedzic, M. (2014). Fast facts about pressure ulcer care for nurses: How to prevent, detect, and resolve them in a nutshell. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.

eBooks with URL

Author, A. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). Retrieved from http://url_of_ebook_database

eBooks with DOI

Author, A. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). https://doi.org/##########

Paraphrasing

Pressure ulcers are both complex and difficult to treat (Dziedzic, 2014).

Dziedzic (2014) suggests that pressure ulcers are both complex and difficult to treat.

Quoting

... "these forces alone or in combination can cause tissue damage" (Dziedzic, 2014, p. 5).

Dziedzic (2014) states that "these forces alone or in combination can cause tissue damage" (p. 5).

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Books: Two Authors

Print Books

Owen, S., & Saunders, A. (2008). Bipolar disorder: The ultimate guide (2nd ed.). Oxford, England: Oneworld.

eBooks with URL

Author, A., & Author, B. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). Retrieved from http://url_of_ebook_database

eBooks with DOI

Author, A., & Author, B. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). https://doi.org/##########

Paraphrasing

Bipolar disorders should be considered serious illnesses (Owen & Saunders, 2008).

According to Owen and Saunders (2008), bipolar disorders should be considered serious illnesses.

Quoting

... "antipsychotics are divided into two groups" (Owen & Saunders, 2008, p. 27).

According to Owen and Saunders (2008) "antipsychotics are divided into two groups" (p. 27).

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Books: 3 to 5 Authors

Print Books

Owens, P., Springwood, B., & Wilson, M. (2012). Creative ethical practice in counselling & psychotherapy. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.

eBooks with URL

Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). Retrieved from http://url_of_ebook_database

eBooks with DOI

Author, A., Author, B., & Author, C. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). https://doi.org/##########

Paraphrasing

Include all names the first time you cite the reference: (Owens, Springwood, & Wilson, 2012).

Then, for  subsequent citations, include the first author plus ‘et al.’: (Owens et al., 2012).

Quoting

First time you cite: A "therapeutic agreement always exists between therapist and client" (Owens, Springwood, & Wilson, 2012, p. 43).

Subsequent citations: Owens et al. (2012) suggest that a "therapeutic agreement always exists between therapist and client" (p. 43).

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Books: 6 to 7 Authors

Print Books

van Krieken, R., Habibis, D., Smith, P., Hutchins, B., Martin, G., & Maton, K. (2010). Sociology (4th ed.). Sydney, Australia: Pearson Education.

eBooks with URL

Author, A., Author, B., Author, C., Author, D., Author, E., & Author, F. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). Retrieved from http://url_of_ebook_database

eBooks with DOI

Author, A., Author, B., Author, C., Author, D., Author, E., & Author, F. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). https://doi.org/##########

Paraphrasing

Include the first author followed by ‘et  al.’.

Van Krieken et al. (2010) state that postmodernism began within the field of architecture.

Quoting

Include the first author followed by ‘et  al.’.

... "postmodernism first emerged in architecture" (van Krieken et al., 2010, p. 13).

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Books: 8 or more Authors

When referencing more than seven authors, list the first six authors followed by an ellipsis (…), and then list the last author.

Print Books

 LeMone, P., Burke, K., Levett-Jones,T., Dwyer, T., Moxham, L.,Reid-Searl, K., … Raymond, P. (2013). Medical-surgical nursing: Critical thinking for person-centred care (2nd ed.). Frenchs Forest, Australia: Pearson Australia.

eBooks with URL

Author, A., Author, B., Author, C., Author, D., Author, E., Author, F., ... Author, Z. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). Retrieved from http://url_of_ebook_database

eBooks with DOI

Author, A., Author, B., Author, C., Author, D., Author, E., Author, F., ... Author, Z. (YEAR). Book title: Subtitle (# ed.). https://doi.org/##########

Paraphrasing

Include the first author followed by ‘et al.’

In person-centred care, patients are seen as more than just their diseases (LeMone et al., 2013).

Quoting

Include the first author followed by ‘et al.’

LeMone et al. (2013) state that "person-centred care means seeing the person; not just the patient or thier disease" (p. 4).

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