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Reference in APA 6th

Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI)

Best Practice  Information Sheets, Systematic Reviews & Technical Reports

Author, A. A. (YEAR). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume#(issue#), page-page. Retrieved from http://access.ovid.com/custom/napro999/

Joanna Briggs Institute. (2009). The management of nipple pain and/or trauma associated with breastfeeding. Best Practice: evidence-based information sheets for health professionals, 13(4), 1-4. Retrieved from http://access.ovid.com/custom/napro999/

Consumer Information Sheets, Evidence Summaries, Recommended Practices

Author, A. A. (Year). Title: Subtitle [Type of resource]. Retrieved from http://access.ovid.com/custom/napro999/

Le, D., & Khanh, L. (2016). Total laryngectomy: Clinical pathways [Evidence summaries]. Retrieved from http://access.ovid.com/custom/napro999/


Note: For all JBI resources, use the same retrieval statement e.g. Retrieved from http://access.ovid.com/custom/napro999/

Paraphrasing

Surname and Surname (YEAR) indicate that .....

..... (Surname & Surname, YEAR).

The results are both positive for the health of the mother and development of the child (Joanna Briggs Institute, 2009).

Quoting

Surname and Surname (YEAR) indicate that " ..... " (p. #).

"....." (Surname & Surname, YEAR, p. #).

Le & Khanh (2016) state that “the evidence highlights the importance of complete pre-operative physical assessment” (p. 1).

... "and the evidence highlights the importance of complete pre-operative physical assessment” (Le & Khanh, p. 1).

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Reports & Papers

Reference List

Author, A. B. or Name of Department/Agency. (YEAR). Title of document: Subtitle (Report No. # [if available]). Location: Publisher.

Author, A. B. or Name of Department/Agency. (YEAR). Title of document: Subtitle (Report No. # [if available]). Retrieved from [Agency Name (if not same as author) website:] http://url

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. (2008). Families in Australia: 2008. Australia. Retrieved from http://www.dpmc.gov.au/ publications/families/index#contact

In-text: Paraphrasing

A recent government report (Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet [PMC], 2008) examines a selection of key topics.

Subsequent in-text references: Families in Australia were highlighted (PMC, 2008)… OR The PMC (2008) highlighted that families in Australia...

In-text: Quoting

(Department/Agency Author, Year, page or paragraph number [if available])
(PMC, 2008, para. 8).

Reference List

Standards

Standard Name. (YEAR). Title of standard: Subtitle (Standard Number). Location: Publisher.

Standard Name. (YEAR). Title of standard: Subtitle (Standard Number). Retrieved from http://url

Statistics

Author, A. B. or Group/corporate Author. (YEAR). Title of work: Subtitle (Report or catalogue number). Location: Publisher.

Author, A. B. or Group/corporate Author. (YEAR). Title of work: Subtitle (Report or catalogue number). Retrieved from http://url

In-text: Paraphrasing

Use the same format as shown in the section of Government Reports.

Reference List

Government. Name of parliament. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of document: Subtitle (Volume No. # [if available]). Location: Publisher.

Government. Name of parliament. (YEAR, Month Day). Title of document: Subtitle (Volume No. # [if available]). Retrieved from http://url

Parliament of Victoria. Legislative Assembly. (2000, February 29). Parliamentary debates (Hansard). Melbourne, Australia: Victoria Legislative Assembly.

In-text: Paraphrasing

(Government. Name of parliament, YEAR).
(Parliament of Victoria. Legislative Assembly, 2000).

In-text: Quoting

(Government. Name of parliament, YEAR, page or paragraph number [if available]).
(Parliament of Victoria. Legislative Assembly, 2000, p. 2).
 

Reference List

Kessy, S. S. A., & Urio, F. M. (2006). The contribution of microfinance institutions to poverty reduction in Tanzania (Research Report No. 06.3). Retrieved from REPOA website: http://www.repoa.or.tz/documents_storage/Publications/Reports/06.3_Kessy_and_Urio.pdf

In-text: Paraphrasing

Geography plays a greater role than gender in differences in poverty (Kessy & Urio, 2006).

According to Kessy and Urio (2006), geography plays a greater role than gender in differences in poverty.

In-text: Quoting

... "differences in poverty between men and women are smaller than geographical differences” (Kessy & Urio, 2006, p. 5).

Kessy and Urio (2006) state that “differences in poverty between men and women are smaller than geographical differences” (p. 5).

Reference List

Furst, M., & Delomillo, R. A. (2006). Creating symphonic-thinking computer science graduatesfor an increasingly competitive global environment [White paper]. Retrieved from Georgia Tech College of Computing website: http://www.cc.gatech.edu/sites/default/files/Threads%20Whitepaper.pdf.com  

Quoting and paraphrasing in-text

Use the same format as shown in the section covering books and ebooks.

Reference List

RAND Corporation. (2006). Three steps for improving the quality of mental health care in the United States [Fact sheet]. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/2006/RAND_RB9190.pdf

In-text: Paraphrasing

Mental health has been overlooked in recent health care initiatives in the United States (RAND Corporation, 2006).

According to the RAND Corporation (2006), mental health has been overlooked in recent health care initiatives in the United States.

In-text: Quoting

... "initiatives to improve the quality of health care in the United States have neglected mental health” (RAND Corporation, 2006, para. 1).

According to the RAND Corporation (2006), “recent initiatives to improve the quality of health care in the United States have neglected mental health” (para. 1).

Reference List

Gregoire, C. (2011). Accelerating the learning curve by building a student-centred education system [Policy brief]. Retrieved from The Office of the Governor website: http://www.governor.wa.gov/priorities/budget/p20_system.pdf

In-text: Paraphrasing

In Washington state, significant growth in new jobs requiring higher education qualifications is expected between the years 2008 and 2018 (Gregoire, 2011).

Gregoire (2011) states that in Washington state, significant growth in new jobs requiring higher education qualifications is expected between the years 2008 and 2018.

In-text: Quoting

... "between 2008 and 2018, new jobs that require training and education beyond a high school diploma are expected to grow by at least 250,000 in Washington state” (Gregoire, 2011, p. 3).

According to Gregoire (2011), “between 2008 and 2018, new jobs that require training and education beyond a high school diploma are expected to grow by at least 250,000 in Washington state” (p. 3).

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Any reference to online materials in this section should be formatted as you would a book retrieved online, with the addition of a report number (where applicable).

Include the agency name in the retrieval statement if not listed as the author (Retrieved from Agency Name website: http://www.url).

Author, B. C. (YEAR). Title of work (Report No. #). Retrieved from [Agency Name] website: http://url

When abbreviating departmental authors in-text, use the format (Department Name [Abbreviation], YEAR) and then in all subsequent references use (Abbreviation, YEAR).

Legal Materials

When referencing an Act, include only the section of the Act for state laws. For quotes, do not include page numbers as the section number is sufficient to find the reference.

Reference List

Short Title YEAR (Jurisdiction abbreviaton) Section No.Subdivision if relevant.

Child Protection Act 1999 (Qld), s.5.

Copyright Act 1969 (Cwlth).

In-text: Paraphrasing

Queensland legislation strongly presents the child’s interests as central to legal decisions on the child’s welfare (Child Protection Act 1999 Qld).

The Queensland Child Protection Act 1999 strongly presents the child’s interests as central to legal decisions on the child’s welfare.

In-text: Quoting

... "the welfare and best interests of a child are paramount” (Child Protection Act 1999 Qld, s.5).

The Queensland Child Protection Act 1999 states “the welfare and best interests of a child are paramount” (s.5).

Reference List

Short title YEAR (Jurisdiction abbreviation), Section No.Subdivision.

Child Protection Regulation 2011 (Qld), r.2.

Interactive Gambling Bill 2001 (Cwlth.).

In-text: Paraphrasing

Queensland legislation states clearly that an employee of the authorised service provider is identified as a staff member (Child Protection Regulation 2011 Qld).

The Queensland Child Protection Regulation 2011 states clearly that an employee of the authorised service provider is identified as a staff member.

In-text: Quoting

A “staff member, of a licensee, means a person employed in the licensed care service operated under the licence” (Child Protection Regulation 2011 Qld, r.7).

The Queensland Child Protection Regulation 2011 states “staff member, of a licensee, means a person employed in the licensed care service operated under the licence” (r.7).

Reference List

Court Cases

Party name v. Party name (YEAR) Volume# Report series/reporter abbreviation First page#.

Smith v. Burns (1989) 238 VR 90.

Court Decisions

Party name v. Party name [Year of decision] Court abbreviation Sequential judgment number (Full date)

R v Whyte [2004] VSCA 5 (12 April 2004)

In-text: Paraphrasing

Reliable evidence can be vital in cases that involve the public (Smith v. Burns, 1989).

The case of Smith v. Burns (1989) shows that reliable evidence can be vital in cases that involve the public.

In-text: Quoting

The case of Smith v. Burns (1989) 103 VR 177 at 179 highlights that “Smith won the case due to the proven reliability of the admissible evidence”.

Subsequent references to Smith v. Burns can be Smith v. Burns (1989) without the volume, name of publication or page numbers. The page number only needs to be recorded subsequently if another direct quote is used.

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For more detailed information referencing legal materials in an Australian context, see the University of Melbourne Quick Guide to AGLC3.

When citing jurisdictions other than Australia, you are required to use the format for that jurisdiction or country.

For legal citations, there is no need to add a retrieval statement (Retrieved from http://url) to the end of the reference if the citation is from an electronic source (i.e. Austlii)