ACAP LEARNING RESOURCES
Critical appraisal tools are used to evaluate the quality and validity of research articles by examining various aspects of the study design, methods, and results. The purpose of critical appraisal tools is to help researchers, clinicians, and other healthcare professionals determine whether a study is reliable and credible and whether the findings are likely to be accurate and applicable to an area of research, a specific practice, or a patient population. By using a standardised set of criteria to evaluate articles, critical appraisal tools can help to minimise bias and errors in the research process.
Typically, critical appraisal tools assess various aspects of a study, including the research question, study design, sample size, selection and recruitment of participants, data collection methods, statistical analysis, and interpretation of results. The tools often use a scoring system or checklist to rate the quality of the study, with higher scores indicating better quality and a lower risk of bias.
Buccheri, R. K., & Sharifi, C. (2017). Critical Appraisal Tools and Reporting Guidelines for Evidence‐Based Practice. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 14(6), 463–472. https://doi.org/10.1111/wvn.12258