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Library Resources for Criminology/Policing & Justice: News and Events

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The stories listed on this bulletin are provided for information purposes only. They are included to reflect current events and community opinion relating to issues studied by students at ACAP. They do not reflect the views of ACAP.

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Current News 11 December 2021

Time to enshrine a First Nations voice to Parliament
Law Council of Australia, 10/12/21
On International Human Rights Day, the Law Council of Australia restates its unwavering support for a First Nations Voice to Parliament enshrined in the Australian Constitution, as called for in the Uluru Statement from the Heart and the recommendations of the Referendum Council.

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Do violent teens become violent adults? Links between juvenile and adult domestic and family violence By H. Boxall, K.  Pooley, S. Lawler
Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 641. Australian Institute of Criminology, 09/12/21
This study examined the offending pathways of 8,465 young offenders aged 13–17, who were followed until age 23.

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Is this how World War III begins? By John Storey
ASPI, 09/12/21
The real danger of cyber-warfare is not that it will replace kinetic operations, but that it will incite them. The line between war and peace is reasonably clear when dealing with tanks, warships and aircraft, but it is grey when dealing with malware and online bots.

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Prisoners in Australia
ABS, 09/12/21
From 30 June 2020 to 30 June 2021, Australian prisoners increased by 5% (1,910) to 42,970.  The imprisonment rate also increased by 5% from 205 to 214 prisoners per 100,000 adult population.  There have been various government restrictions implemented across states and territories as a result of COVID-19 since March 2020. These restrictions may have had an impact on criminal activity and the justice system.

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Espionage is set to overtake terrorism as Australia’s top security concern – are our anti-spy laws good enough? By  Sarah Kendall

The Conversation, 08/12/21
Australia’s domestic spy agency ASIO anticipates espionage – spying – will supplant terrorism as Australia’s principal security threat over the next five years.

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Michigan school shooting shows how violence can transition from online threats to real-world tragedy By Mia Bloom & Volkan Topalli
The Conversation, 08/12/21
Disturbing online posts and written messages were purportedly left by Ethan Crumbley in the days running up to deadly school shooting.

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Mental health services in Australia
AIHW, 08/12/21

Mental health services in Australia (MHSA) provides a picture of the national response of the health and welfare service system to the mental health care needs of Australians.

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The West must cut a deal with the Taliban to prevent mass starvation in Afghanistan By Louise Grogan
The Conversation, 07/12/21
The lack of food security in Afghanistan may soon become a threat to the stability of many other countries.  Without a radical change of western policy towards the Taliban, millions of people will make their way to anywhere they can find food.

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Parliament must rule – not judges By Richard Johnson
Spiked (UK), 07/12/21
The government is right to challenge the power of the judiciary.

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Media Release: Half of all women and a quarter of men sexually harassed
ABS, 07/12/21
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has released new analysis of Personal Safety Survey (PSS) data, exploring experiences of sexual harassment in Australia in further detail.

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Sexual Harassment
ABS, 07/12/21
Statistics about sexual harassment, including prevalence, characteristics of victims, and intersections with other types of violence and abuse.

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Will Roe v Wade be overturned, and what would this mean? The US abortion debate explained By Prudence Flowers
The Conversation, 07/12/21
Last week, the US Supreme Court heard oral arguments in a case that is the most significant threat to abortion rights in the US in decades.

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An expert draws 7 lessons about US gun laws from the murder of Ahmaud Arbery and the Rittenhouse verdict By John Donohue
The Conversation, 07/12/21
As the country awaits a U.S. Supreme Court decision in a New York state case that may create a federal constitutional right to carry guns outside the home, what lessons can the nation draw from the recent acquittal in Wisconsin of Kyle Rittenhouse and the convictions in the murder of Ahmaud Arbery in Georgia?

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GHB and phenmetrazine use by Australian police detainees By M. McAlister, T.  Sullivan &  A. Voce
Statistical Bulletin no. 36. Australian Institute of Criminology, 07/12/21
This study uses data from the Drug Use Monitoring in Australia program to investigate the prevalence of GHB and phenmetrazine use among police detainees.

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Judge sued for $2m after wrongly jailing man who was then assaulted and threatened with rape by inmates, court told By Jamelle Wells
ABC, 06/12/21
The Federal Court hears a judge being personally sued for wrongly jailing a man who was then assaulted while imprisoned, had subjected him to "the grossest parody of a hearing".

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Media inclusion of Indigenous peoples is increasing but there is still room for improvement By Tristan Kennedy
The Conversation, 06/12/21
Mainstream media is often understood as a reflection of national identity. Television media in Australia has documented Australian lives since its inception in 1956.  For First Nations people however, their voices in this reflection have been largely absent.

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‘Dead man walking’: Italy’s top mafia hunter warns of Australian crime links By Carrie-Anne Greenbank
Sydney Morning Herald, 05/12/21
The ’Ndrangheta has a reputation as one of the wealthiest and most feared criminal organisations in the world.

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How the United Nations’ new ‘open science framework’ could speed up the pace of discovery By Cathy Foley
The Conversation, 04/12/21
Science, at its heart, is a collaborative effort. This is the nub of the argument for open science.

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Safe, respected and free from violence: preventing violence against women in the Northern Territory By Chay Brown, Carmel Simpson & Shirleen Campbell
The Conversation, 03/12/21
The Northern Territory has the highest rates of domestic, family, and sexual violence in Australia.  Aboriginal women in the Northern Territory are among the most victimised groups of people in the entire world.

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The long-term costs of under-funding legal aid
Law Council of Australia, 03/12/21
The long-term costs of under-funding legal aid Legal aid plays a key role in ensuring all Australians have access to justice and must be adequately resourced, according to the Law Council of Australia.

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Deaths in custody in Australia 2020-21
Statistical Report no. 37. Australian Institute of Criminology, 02/12/21
This report contains detailed information on these deaths and compares the findings with longer term trends.

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Audits in progress: The effectiveness of Victoria Police’s staff allocation
Victoria Auditor-General's Office, 2021
Objective: To determine if Victoria Police understands its staffing needs and uses this to make resource allocation decisions that are aligned to its strategic objectives.

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Report: Understanding the online extremist ecosystem By Heather J. Williams, Alexandra T. Evans, Jamie Ryan, Erik E. Mueller, Bryce Downing
RAND, 2021
By the early 2010s, it was clear that the internet provided white supremacists and other extremists a tool to operationalise their hateful ideas and cause real-world harms.  How can the average user understand their risk of exposure to extremist content and make informed decisions about the platforms they use?  In this Perspective, the authors introduce a framework for internet users to categorise the virtual platforms they use and to understand the likelihood that they may encounter extreme content online.

Previous News 4 December 2021

Australian Federal Police launch national DNA program to identify decades-old bones and teeth By Lauren Ferri
News.com, 03/12/21
Relatives of Australians who have been missing for decades may finally get some closure with a new national DNA program.

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Explainer: how do police undertake major crime investigations? By Terry Goldsworthy
The Conversation, 03/12/21
What happens behind the scenes in a major crime investigation. And how does the investigation of major crime differ from volume crime?

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Buying silence: we can’t stop workplace sexual harassment without banning non-disclosure agreements By Maria O'Sullivan & Judith Bessant
The Conversation, 03/12/21
NDAs are increasingly used against employees who make complaints about discrimination and harassment. This practice needs to end.

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Benchmarking critical technologies By Kitsch Liao, Dr Samantha Hoffman and Karly Winkler, with Baani Grewal, Cheryl Yu, Saki Kikuchi, Tilla Hoja, Matthew Page and Jackson Schultz.
ASPI, 30/11/21
Building an evidence base for an informed critical technologies strategy.

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The impact of the NSW Driver Licence Disqualification Reforms on sentencing and reoffending By Ilya Klauzner
BOCSAR, 30/11/21
The NSW Driver Licence Disqualification Reforms were introduced in October 2017 to address some of these issues. The reforms included a significant reduction in the statutory penalties for unauthorised driving offences and the introduction of a new incentive scheme which allows drivers to apply to the Local Court to have disqualification periods lifted earlier if they have served an offence-free period. The reforms aimed to reduce reoffending rates by returning more offenders to lawful driving sooner. This would also have the additional benefit of decreasing the number of unauthorised driving matters coming before the courts.

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Stop referring violent men to marriage counselling, GPs told By Dana Daniel
The Age, 30/11/21
New guidance recommends GPs stop referring couples to therapy if domestic violence is suspected within a relationship.

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Susan Neill-Fraser loses appeal against murder conviction By Loretta Lohberger
ABC, 30/11/21
Hobart woman Susan Neill-Fraser's appeal against her murder conviction has been dismissed by the Court of Criminal Appeal.

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Attrition of human trafficking and slavery cases through the Australian criminal justice system By Samantha Lyneham
Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 640. Australian Institute of Criminology, 30/11/21
Police and prosecutors face a range of challenges while investigating, prosecuting and, ultimately, attempting to secure a conviction for human trafficking and slavery offences in Australia. In this study, investigation and prosecution data were analysed to chart the progression of matters and identify reasons for attrition.

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Artificial intelligence is making decisions that affect us and some of those choices aren't that smart By Dr Jathan Sadowski
ABC, 30/11/21
Artificial intelligence is making decisions about people's insurance claims, credit scores and more. ABC Top 5 academic Jathan Sadowski explains why that matters.

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Susan Neill-Fraser will find out tomorrow if she can walk free from prison — here's what her appeal is about By Loretta Lohberger
ABC, 29/11/21
Hobart woman Susan Neill-Fraser will find out on Tuesday if she will walk free from prison, with the Court of Criminal Appeal set to hand down its decision on her appeal against her conviction for murdering her partner, Bob Chappell.

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Ghislaine Maxwell's trial is finally set to begin. This is what could lie ahead for Jeffrey Epstein's former partner By Barbara Miller & Peter Jones
ABC, 29/11/21
Sixteen months after FBI agents swooped in on her remote hideaway to arrest Ghislaine Maxwell on sexual abuse charges, the trial of the British socialite and former partner of disgraced financier Jeffrey Epstein is beginning in New York.

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$1 billion and counting: Investigator reveals size of poker machine crime By Nick McKenzie & Joel Tozer
SMH, 28/11/21
Pubs and clubs with poker machines ‘need a wake-up call,’ says NSW gaming’s chief investigator in a rare interview as footage shows one brazen money laundering operation in action.

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The religious discrimination bill is not just words – it will make LGBTIQ+ Australians sick By Karinna Saxby
The Conversation, 26/11/21
Increasing the stigma around LGBTIQ+ people leads to poorer health outcomes for a group that is already more vulnerable in the health system.

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Rolling media coverage of missing persons cases can add to the trauma for all families left behind By Sarah Wayland
The Conversation, 26/11/21
Non-stop media coverage can invade their privacy, raise and dash their hopes, and prolong their trauma.

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Corrective Services, Australia
ABS, 25/11/21
Prisoner receptions down 6% from the June quarter 2021. National and state information about adult prisoners and community based corrections, including legal status, custody type, Indigenous status, sex.

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Afghan refugees are being recruited to join an Iranian paramilitary By Karl P. Mueller & Andrew Radin
RAND, 23/11/21
As Western policymakers consider how to deal with Afghan evacuees, including former members of the Afghan security forces, they might consider how to prevent adversaries such as Iran from recruiting Afghan refugees for dangerous and destabilizing operations. Greater attention to these risks may become increasingly important as refugee flows from Afghanistan continue.

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DSM Update Due in 2022

On March 18 2022, the DSM-5-TR, an update of the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM5) will be released. We will have access the day of its release through our PsychiatryOnline subscription.

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