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Learning Resources for Teaching: Using Text Resources

Guidelines for using learning resources for teaching

Part VB - Copying from text based resources

In general for text based resources you may copy and communicate a ‘reasonable portion.’ A reasonable portion is considered:

  • One chapter of a book, or 10% of the pages (10% of the words if the work is in electronic form).
  • One article from a journal or newspaper (more if the articles are on the same subject matter in a special edition).
  • All of an artistic work, for example: a diagram or photo (when not available for separate purchase).

Only one ‘reasonable portion’ of a work may be available across the institution at one time regardless of intended module, unit or audience. The library manages a register of works made available to students online and will advise if a copy exceeds the guidelines.

Each time you upload a resource, email the library's Digitisation Co-ordinator with full citation details.

There are a number of other general conditions for copying under Part VB:

  • Warning notices must appear with all electronic reproductions of the material.
  • The source must be appropriately referenced.


Material on the internet is not 'copyright free.' Unless explicitly indicated, all material should be treated as under the protection of copyright. In some cases websites contain statements about how content can be used. Look for ‘terms of use’ if there isn’t anything specifically labeled ‘copyright’.

Generally, you can use material on the internet if any of the following apply:

  • The copyright owner has expressly licensed or implied your particular use of the material e.g. “material on this site may be freely used for education purposes.”
  • Use is covered by one of the statutory licenses (Part VA or VB) and subject to ‘reasonable portion’ considerations.
  • An artistic work, such as a diagram or photo, is not available for separate purchase.

NOTE: It is preferable to provide links to web content rather than reproducing it. There are, however, some risks involved in providing links to come kinds of sites or pages. Use common sense: if you suspect the content infringes copyright, do not link!