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Reference with Harvard

Academic Articles in Hard Copy, Word or PDF Formats

The following details should be provided for journal articles in a reference list:

  • Author's surname, followed by initials
  • Year of publication
  • The article title in single quotation marks
  • The journal series in italics
  • The volume and number (sometimes called issue)
  • The page range e.g. pp.1-10

Examples

Journal Articles with One Author
Gold, A 2010, ‘Criminal culpability and self-control: back to M’Naughton’, Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 525-536.

Sarre, R 2015, ‘Recent legal developments in Australia’, Australia & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 152-156.

Journal Articles with Two Authors
Bryan-Hancock, J & Casey, S 2010, ‘Young people and the justice system: consideration of maturity in criminal responsibility’, Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 69-78.

Wheeldon, J & Harris, D 2015, ‘Expanding visual criminology: definitions, data and dissemination’, Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol 27, no. 2, pp. 140-162.

Journal Articles with Three Authors
Indig, D, Frewen, A & Moore, E 2016, ‘Predictors and correlates of re-incarceration among Australian young people in custody’, Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 73-89.

Journal Articles with More than Three Authors.
Paternoster, R, Bushway, S, Brame, R & Apel, R 2003, ‘The effect of teenage employment on delinquency and problem behaviours’, Social Forces, vol. 82, no. 1, pp. 297-335.

 

Journal Articles with One Author
General: (Gold 2010)
With a page reference: (Gold 2010, p.256)

General: (Sarre 2015)
With a page reference: (Sarre 2015, p.155)

Journal Articles with Two Authors
General: (Bryan-Hancock & Casey 2010)
With a page reference: (Bryan-Hancock & Casey 2010, p.72)

General: (Wheeldon & Harris 2015)
With a page reference: (Wheeldon & Harris 2015, p.161)

Journal Articles with Three Authors
General: (Indig, Frewen & Moore 2016)
With a page reference: (Indig, Frewen & Moore 2016, p.74)

Journal Articles with More than Three Authors.
General: (Paternoster et al. 2003)
With a page reference: (Paternoster et al. 2003, p.298)

Academic Articles Published in Electronic Journals

This section applies to articles available in web-page format only. If you download an article in PDF or word, use the hard copy referencing format listed above.

The following details should be provided for journal articles in a reference list:

  • Author's surname, followed by initials
  • Year of publication
  • The article title in single quotation marks
  • The journal series in italics
  • The volume and number if available
  • viewed followed by the full date of viewing
  • <the URL in chevrons (pointy brackets) >

Examples

Journal article references with one author
Awan, I 2014, ‘Debating the term cyber-terrorism: issues and problems’, Internet Journal of Criminology, viewed 9 February 2016, <http://www.internetjournalofcriminology.com/Awan_Debating_The_Term_Cyber-Terrorism_IJC_Jan_2014.pdf>

Reid, J 2011, ‘Crime and personality: personality theory and criminality examined’, Student Pulse, vol. 3, no. 1, viewed 9 February, <http://www.studentpulse.com/a?id=377>

Journal article references with two authors
Harrison, K & Tamony, A 2010, ‘Death row phenomenon, death row syndrome and the affect on capital cases in the US’, Internet Journal of Criminology, viewed 9 February 2016, <http://www.internetjournalofcriminology.com/Harrison_Tamony_%20Death_Row_Syndrome%20_IJC_Nov_2010.pdf>

Journal article references with three authors
Mann, D, Sutton, M & Tuffin, R 2003, ‘The evolution of hate’, Internet Journal of Criminology, viewed 9 February 2016, <http://www.internetjournalofcriminology.com/Evolution%20of%20Hate%20(updated).pdf>

Journal article references with more than three authors.
Ferguson, C, Doley, R, Watt, B, Lyneham, M & Payne, J 2015, ‘Arson-associated homicide in Australia: a five year follow-up’, Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, no. 484, viewed 9 February 2016 <http://www.aic.gov.au/publications/current%20series/tandi/481-500/tandi484.html>
Note: if you use the PDF version of Trends and Issues, reference the article as a hard copy journal article, for example:
Ferguson, C, Doley, R, Watt, B, Lyneham, M & Payne, J 2015, ‘Arson-associated homicide in Australia: a five year follow-up’, Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, no. 484, pp.1-11

Electronic Journal Articles With One Author
(Awan 2014)
(Reid 2011)

Electronic Journal Articles With Two Authors
(Harrison & Tamony A 2010)

Electronic Journal Articles With Three Authors
(Mann, Sutton & Tuffin 2003)

Electronic Journal Articles With More than Three Authors
(Ferguson et al. 2015)