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Reference in APA 7

This guide provides formatting and presentation standards in APA 7 for ACAP students.

Reference Elements: Film, Video & Library Databases

Director, A. A. (Director), Producer, A. A. (Executive producer), Presenter, A. A. (Presenter), & Writer, A. A. (Writer). (Date). Title of work [Description]. Production Company or Host Site.

Give the Author element a description in parentheses, e.g. (Director).

Give the Title element a description in square brackets, e.g. [Film], [Educational film].

Where works have multiple production companies separate each with a semicolon. 

Always include a DOI if available. Only use a URL if it resolves without authentication. 

See Section 10.12 of the APA Publication Manual for more examples.

Films (Motion Pictures)

Sagal, B. (Director). (1971). The Omega Man [Film]. Walter Seltzer Productions.

Melville, J. (Director). (1967). Le Samouraï [The Samourai] [Film]. Filmel; Compagnie Industrielle et Commerciale Cinématograp; Fida Cinematografica.

Videos & Academic Databases

Gregory, B. (Writer & presenter). (2012). CBT: Cognitive behavioral therapy techniques for everyday clinical practice [Educational film]. PESI Inc. 

Microtraining Associates (Producer), Mejia, O., & Englar-Carlson, M. (Presenters). (2018). Multicultural feminist therapy [Educational film]. Alexander Street.

Crouch, A. (Practitioner). (2012). Bereavement and loss counselling [Educational film]. SAGE Video.

Parenthetical Style

Matthias declares "whether a state of war between China and Russia still exists is not important any longer" (Sagal, 1971, 05:02). 

The client here feels a sense of shame about her heritage (Microtraining Associates et al., 2018).

Narrative Style

Sagal (1971) establishes this when Matthias declares "whether a state of war between China and Russia still exists is not important any longer" (05:02).

Crouch (2012) proposes that loss is a central theme of human existence.