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Reference in APA 7

This guide provides formatting and presentation standards in APA 7 for ACAP students.

Reference Elements: Unpublished & Informally Published Material

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of work in italics [Description of unpublished manuscript]. Department Name, University Name. https://xxxxxx

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of work in italics (Publication No. ###). Name of database or archive. https://doi.org/xxxxxx

Use specific manuscript descriptions, e.g. [Unpublished manuscript]. [Manuscript in preparation]. [Manuscript submitted for publication].

Always use a DOI if the resource has one. Include a URL if there isn't a DOI available and if it resolves without authentication. 

Leemans, S. J. J. & Artem, P. (2019). Proofs with stochastic-aware conformance checking: An entropy-based approach [Unpublished manuscript]. Faculty of Science and Technology, Queensland University of Technology. https://eprints.qut.edu.au/129860/

Winegard, B. M., Winegard, B. M., Geary, D. C., & Clark, C. J. (2018). The Status Competition Model of Cultural Production. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/apw5e/

Parenthetical Style

See theorem one as follows "for any log L and model M (given as SDFAs), it holds that 0 ≤ recall(L, M) ≤ 1 and 0 ≤ precision(L, M) ≤ 1" (Leemans et al., 2019, p. 2).

In this example, the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright is used for its functional and aesthetic qualities (Winegard et al., 2018).

Narrative Style

Leemans et al. (2019) proposes "for any log L and model M (given as SDFAs), it holds that 0 ≤ recall(L, M) ≤ 1 and 0 ≤ precision(L, M) ≤ 1" (p. 2).

Winegard et al. (2018) use the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright house as an example for its functional and aesthetic qualities.