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Reference in APA 7

This guide provides formatting and presentation standards in APA 7 for ACAP students.

Reference Elements: Reports, Policies & Grey Literature

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date). Title of report in italics (Report No. #) [Description]. Publisher Name. https://xxxxxxx

Use to cite government, technical and research reports as well as codes of ethics, discussion papers, media releases etc.

Where the author and publisher are the same, do not include the publisher.

Use the most specific agency as the author and the parent agency as the publisher. Any parent agency not included in the author information is to be included as the publisher name.

Describing the type of grey literature in square brackets whilst not necessary can still be helpful for the reader.

See Section 10.4 of the APA Publication Manual for more examples.

Government Reports

Department of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Island Partnerships. (2016-2017). Annual bulletin for Queensland’s discrete Indigenous communities. Queensland Government.

Crime and Corruption Commission Queensland. (2020, January). Corruption in focus: A guide to dealing with corrupt conduct in the Queensland public sector.

Australian Productivity Commission. (2018, August 18). Rising inequality? A stocktake of the evidence [Research Paper].

Koleth, E. (2010, October 8). Multiculturalism: A review of Australian policy statements and recent debates in Australia and overseas (Research paper no. 6 2010-11). Parliament of Australia.

Non-Government Organisations and Agencies

Phoenix Australia Centre for Posttraumatic Health. (2013). Australian guidelines for the treatment of acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder.

Mission Australia. (2017). Aging and homelessness: Solutions to a growing problem [Position statement].

Individual Authors

Kelly, J. F. (2012, March). Social cities. Grattan Institute.

Dudgeon, P., Walker, R., Scrine, C., Shepherd, C., Calma, T., & Ring, I. (2014). Effective strategies to strengthen the mental health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.


National Environmental Science Program. (2019). Indigenous collaboration for Australia’s environmental science [Brochure]. Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment.

Fact Sheets

Department of Health. (2020, April 01). Coronavirus (COVID-19) – frequently asked questions [Fact sheet]. Australian Government.

Parenthetical Style

The report states "absences which were unexplained ranged from 6% for students at Northern Peninsula Area State College, to 87% for students at Aurukun State School" (Department of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Island Partnerships, 2016-2017, p. 12).

Balancing traffic, pedestrians and commercial interests can be challenging (Kelly, 2012).

Poverty has remained high despite economic growth (Australian Productivity Commission, 2018).

Narrative Style

The Department of Aboriginal and Torres Straight Island Partnerships (2016-2017) cites unexplained absences that "ranged from 6% for students at Northern Peninsula Area State College, to 87% for students at Aurukun State School" (p. 12).

Kelly (2012) highlights the challenges of balancing traffic, pedestrians and commercial interests.

The Australian Productivity Commission (2018) provides evidence that poverty has remained high despite economic growth.