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Reference in APA 7

This guide provides formatting and presentation standards in APA 7 for ACAP students.

Reference Elements: Acts, Bills & Regulations

Title of Act Year (Jurisdiction Abbreviation)

Title of Regulation Year (Jurisdiction Abbreviation)

Title of Bill Year (Jurisdiction Abbreviation)

The year and jurisdiction are important because some Australian states have acts with similar names.

The long title of the Act should only be used if it does not have a short title.

Where multiple Acts have the same title, but contain different numbers in their short titles (eg ‘No 1’ or ‘No 2’), the number should be included as part of the Act’s title, and should appear in brackets.

Bills should be cited in the same manner as Acts, except the title and year should not be italicised.

Australian Jurisdiction Abbreviations

Commonwealth Cth
Australian Capital Territory ACT
New South Wales NSW
Northern Territory NT
Queensland  Qld
South Australia SA
Tasmania Tas
Victoria Vic
Western Australia WA

Reference List Examples


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Act  2005 (Cth)

Mental Health Act 2007 (NSW)

National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 (NSW)

Mental Health Act 2014 (Vic) 

Health Compliants Act 2016 (Vic)


Health Complaints Regulations 2015 (Tas)

Work Health and Safety Regulations 2012 (SA)

Medicines, Poisons and Therapeutic Goods Regulations 2014 (NT)


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Bill 1998 (Cth)

COVID-19 Emergency Response Bill 2020 (Qld)

Gender Reassignment Amendment Bill 2018 (WA)

In Text Elements: Acts, Bills & Regulations

(Title of Act, Year, s. Section#)

(Title of Regulation, Year, r. Rule#)

("Title of Bill", Year, cl. Clause#)

In-text citations follow the same format as other types of materials without an author. Include the title and year.

If an act has a long title, you can shorten it but be sure to include enough information so that the reader can identify that source in the reference list.

Use the section numbers, clauses, sub-clauses or rule numbers as a pinpoints if required.

See Section 11.3 of the APA Publication Manual for more information. 

In Text Examples

Full Title

(Mental Health Act, 2007)

Deep sleep therapy is prohibited under section 83 of the Mental Health Act (2007). 

Initial Citation (Long Title)

The National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 (NSW) (National Parks Act) recognises the cultural significance of land.

Subsequent Citations (Short Title)

(National Parks Act, 1974)

(National Parks Act, 1974, s 28)

Section 71D of the National Parks Act (1974) recognises the significance of aboriginal land. 

(Health Compliants Act 2016, sch 2)