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Reference in APA 7

This guide provides formatting and presentation standards in APA 7 for ACAP students.

Reference Elements: Books

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Copyright year). Title of book in italics: Subtitle (# ed.). Publisher Name. https://doi.org/xxxx

Always use a DOI if available (for both print and online resources).

Only use a URL instead of a DOI if the book is not from an academic database.

When author and publisher are the same, omit the publisher from the reference.

See Section 10.2 of the APA Publication Manual for more examples.

Authored books

Van Deurzen, E., & Arnold-Baker, C. (2018). Existential therapy: Distinctive features. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315461939

Cooper, M. (2008). Essential research findings in counselling and psychotherapy: The facts are friendly (2nd ed.). Sage Publications.

Rickard, J. (2017). Australia: A cultural history (3rd ed.). Monash University Publishing. https://www.oapen.org/search?identifier=645355

Group Authors

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi-org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596

A volume of a multivolume work

Fiske, S. T., Gilbert, D. T., & Lindzey, G. (Eds.). (2010). Handbook of social psychology (5th ed., Vol. 1). John Wiley & Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470561119

Bowlby, J. (1998). Attachment and loss: Vol. 2. Separation: Anger and anxiety. Pimlico.

Parenthetical Style

"We find ourselves in (thrown into) a physical world over which we have little control" (Van Deurzen & Arnold-Baker, 2018, p. 12).

Research in social psychology can be categorised under three themes (Fiske et al., 2010).

As indicated "bipolar II disorder is typically accompanied by serious impairment in work and social functioning" (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013, para. 3).

Depressive episodes may then follow mania in this disorder (APA, 2013). 

Narrative Style

Van Deurzen and Arnold-Baker (2018) identify that "we find ourselves in (thrown into) a physical world over which we have little control" (p. 12).

Fiske et al. (2010) list three main themes under which research in social psychology can be categorised. 

The American Psychiatric Association (APA, 2013) state "bipolar II disorder is typically accompanied by serious impairment in work and social functioning" (para. 3).

The APA (2013) also mention that major depressive symptoms may then follow manic episodes for those experiencing this disorder.

Reference Elements: Audio Books

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Copyright year). Title of book in italics: Subtitle (# ed.)(A. Translator, Trans.; A. Narrator, Narr.) [Audiobook]. Publisher Name. https://doi.org/xxxx

Add the narrator and translator where available after the title in parentheses.

Add the description Audiobook in brackets. 

Use republished dates as shown in the Dostoyevsky example below. 

Quotations use a timestamp in place of page numbers. 

Time stamps use the format: Hours:Minutes:Seconds

Hours/minutes/seconds follows the format H:MM:SS e.g. 1:35:02
Minutes/seconds follows the format MM:SS e.g. 27:59
Seconds only follows the format M:SS e.g. 0:42

Cain, S. (2012). Quiet: The power of introverts in a world that can’t stop talking (K. Mazur, Narr.) [Audiobook]. Random House Audio.

Dostoevsky, F. (2014). The double: A Petersburg poem (C. Garnett, Trans.; G. Giordano, Narr.) [Audiobook]. LibriVox. https://librivox.org/the-double-a-petersburg-poem-by-fyodor-dostoyevsky/ (Original work published 1846)

Parenthetical Style

Running text (Dostoevsky, 1845/2014).

"Quoted text" (Cain, 2012, 31:55).

Narrative Style

Dostoevsky's (1846/2014) novel describes "quoted text" (25:15).

Cain (2012) running text .