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Reference in APA 7

This guide provides formatting and presentation standards in APA 7 for ACAP students.

Reference Elements: Journal Articles

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year). Title of the article: Subtitle. Name of the Journal, Volume# in italics(Issue), Page#-Page#.

Always use a DOI if available (for both print and online resources).

Only include a URL if the journal is not from an academic database and a DOI is not available.

Include up to 20 authors before using ellipses.

See Section 10.1 of the APA Publication Manual for more examples.

Journal Article with DOI

Kalhori, F., Masoumi, S. Z., Shamsaei, F., Mohammadi, Y., & Yavangi, M. (2020). Effect of mindfulness-based group counseling on depression in infertile women: Randomized clinical trial study. International Journal of Fertility & Sterility, 14(1), 10–16. https://doi-org/10.22074/ijfs.2020.5785

Azevedo, J., Vieira-Coelho, M., Castelo-Branco, M., Coelho, R., & Figueiredo-Braga, M. (2020). Impulsive and premeditated aggression in male offenders with antisocial personality disorder. PLoS ONE, 15(3), 1–18. https://doi-org /10.1371/journal.pone.0229876

Journal Article without DOI (available from academic database)

Ivey, A. E., & Rigazio-Digilio, S. A. (2009). Developmental counseling and therapy: The basics of why it may be helpful and how to use it. Turkish Psychological Counseling & Guidance Journal, 4(32), 1–11.

Ahmmed, M. M., Babu, M. A., & Salim, Z. R. (2020). Depression and associated factors among undergraduate students of private universities in Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(2), 97–108.

Journal article with Article Number or eLocator

Dhodapkar, R.M. (2020). A survey-wide association study to identify youth-specific correlates of major depressive episodes. PLOS ONE, 15(5), Article e0232373.

Advance Online Publications

Hong, I., Knox, S., Pryor, L., Mroz, T. M., Graham, J., Shields, M. F., & Reistetter, T. A. (2020). Is referral to home health rehabilitation following inpatient rehabilitation facility associated with 90-day hospital readmission for adult patients with stroke? American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation. Advance online publication. 

Journal Article without DOI (not available on a database)

Besley, T. (2001). Foucauldian influences in narrative therapy: An approach for schools. The Journal of Educational Enquiry, 2(2), 72-93.

Erskine, R. (2019). Child development in integrative psychotherapy: Erik Erikson’s first three stages. International Journal of Integrative Psychotherapy, 10, 11-34.

Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews

Broderick, J., & Vancampfort D. (2019). Yoga as part of a package of care versus non‐standard care for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Parenthetical Style

The researchers conclude that "group counseling sessions are suggested for all depressed women undergoing infertility treatment" (Kalhori et al., 2020, p. 10).

Adults who practice prayer or meditation receive the benefits of sensorimotor experiences (Ivey & Rigazio-Digilio, 2009).

Depressive disorders make a significant contribution to mortality rates (Dhodapkar, 2020).

Narrative Style

Kalhori et al. (2020) conclude that "group counseling sessions are suggested for all depressed women undergoing infertility treatment" (p. 10).

Ivey and Rigazio-Digilio (2009) intimate that adults who practice prayer or meditation receive the benefits of sensorimotor experiences.

Dhodapkar (2020) confirms that depressive disorders make a significant contribution to mortality rates.