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LIBRARY

Reference in APA 7

This guide provides formatting and presentation standards in APA 7 for ACAP students.

Reference Elements: Social Media Posts

Author, A. A. [@username]. (Year, Month Day). Title of the post up to the first 20 words [Description]. Site Name. https://xxxxx

Author, A. A., & Name of Group [Username]. (Year, Month Day). Title of the post up to the first 20 words [Description]. Site Name. https://xxxxx

Include the text of posts up to 20 words. If the post contains audiovisual material or emojis, note them in the Description element within square brackets.

Do not alter nonstandard spelling or capitalisation and include elements such as hashtags and links where relevant.

For Twitter and Instagram posts, use the [@username] format after the author element. 

See Section 10.15 of the APA Publication Manual for more examples

Chomsky, N. [@ChomskyDotInfo]. (2017, June 13). Noam Chomsky: Are We on the Verge of Total Self-Destruction? [Thumbnail with link attached] [Tweet]. Twitter. https://twitter.com/ChomskyDotInfo/status/874384324010934272

Chomsky, N. (2020, May 14). The imprisonment of Nûdem Durak is a severe miscarriage of justice [Image attached] [Status update]. Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/pages/category/Author/Noam-Chomsky-294468630182/

Extinction Rebellion [@extinctionrebellion]. (2020, May 5). Climate Justice is Social Justice [Photograph]. Instagram. https://www.instagram.com/p/B_xnN1SnAsX/

Parenthetical Style

The post refers to an interview which discusses this remarkable time in human history (Chomsky, 2017). 

"The wealthiest 10% of the global population produce half of the planets individual-consumption-based emissions"⁣ (Extinction Rebellion, 2020, para. 1). 

Narrative Style

Chomsky (2017) refers to an interview in which he discusses this remarkable time in human history. 

Extinction Rebellion (2020) point out that "the wealthiest 10% of the global population produce half of the planets individual-consumption-based emissions"⁣ (para. 1). 

Reference Elements: Social Media Profiles

Author, A. A. [@username]. (n.d.). Page title [Profile type]. Site Name. Retrieved Month, Day, Year from https://xxxxx

Author, A. A., & Name of Group [Username]. (n.d.). Page title [Profile type]. Site Name. Retrieved Month, Day, Year from https://xxxxx

Provide a retrieval date because the page can change over time. 

Use the page or tab name as the title. 

Use no date (n.d.) in the date element. 

Use descriptions in square brackets after the title element, e.g. [Facebook page]. [Twitter profile]. [LinkedIn profile]. 

Examples

Australian College of Applied Psychology. (n.d.). Home [LinkedIn profile]. LinkedIn. Retrieved May 21, 2020, from https://au.linkedin.com/school/australian-college-of-applied-psychology

Žižek, S. [@Slavojiek]. (n.d.). Tweets [Twitter profile]. Twitter. Retreived May 21, 2020, from https://twitter.com/Slavojiek