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Reference in APA 7

This guide provides formatting and presentation standards in APA 7 for ACAP students.

Tables & Figures

Tables and figures are comprised of the following four main elements.  Place each element in the order shown below.

Adapted or apporpriated images, tables and figures from books or articles should be treated like quotations. Provide an in-text citation in the note, with author(s), year(s), and page number(s) of all sources used. The reference list entries should be listed according to type (book, journal article, etc.).

Refer to Sections 7.21 & 7.36 of the Publication Manual for detailed explanations of table and figure elements and to see specific examples. More examples, setup and formatting also available from APA Style Grammar & Guidelines. 

Element Description
1. Table or Figure Number

Number each table and figure in order. Align each number left and in bold font.

Figure 1

Table 1

Table 2

Figure 2

2. Table or Figure Title

Under the number element, provide a clear and concise title. Titles are aligned left, double-spaced, capitalised, and in italics.

Strict Dual Process Model of Learning

Main Characteristics of Studies Examining the Relationship Between Chronotype and Psychiatric Severity, Sorted by Mood Disorder

3. Table Body or Figure Image

The table body consists of column headings and cells containing the data. Use only horizontal lines to define rows. Present data in standard font.  See below for examples. 

Figure images consist of images containing data and legends explaining or defining the elements within the image. See below for examples. 

4. Table or Figure Notes

Notes explain the data in more detail and appear below the table or figure in the following order: 1. general note; 2. specific note; and 3. probability note. Type the word "Note." in italics followed by the note text. The Note element may also contain the source (in-text citation). See below for examples. 

Note. Note text in normal font. 

Note. Source: Walker et al., 2013, p.132.


Table 1

Title of Table in Italics

Heading 1

Heading 2

Heading 3

Cell Content

Cell Content

Cell Content

Cell Content

Cell Content

Cell Content

Cell Content

Cell Content

Cell Content




Note. Note text in normal font. 

Figure 1

Title of Figure in Italics

Note. Note text in normal font.

Figure 2

Lymph Node

Note. Source: Walker et al., 2013, p.132.

Table 2

Summary of Studies Included in Meta-Analysis on the Effectiveness of Rocking Out Like No One’s Watching ( ROLNOW ).



Cohen’s d


Atashin (2013)




Dumile & Jackson (2015)




Garcia et al. (2014)




Iyer et al. (2014)




Onuki et al. (2014)





Table 3

Sample Responses to the ROLNOW Survey



Sample responses


How cool did you feel?

“Cool as a cucumber in a bowl of hot sauce.”a

“Not at all cool. I actually felt kind of dorky.”b


How motivated and energized did you feel?

“I felt ready to take on the world!”c

“Not very. I almost fell asleep!”b


How happy were you?

“I was completely elated and filled with positive thoughts!”d

“I was pretty happy, but I don’t think rocking out had anything to do with it.”a


How physically attractive did you feel?

“I felt pretty, oh so pretty!”e

“I was a gyrating mess of flailing limbs, so I probably didn’t look all that attractive.”c

Note. Source: aDumile & Jackson, 2015, p. 31; bIyer et al., 2014, p. 79; cOnuki et al., 2014, p. 101; dGarcia et al., 2014, p. 47; eAtashin, 2013, p. 56.